Shortcut for Task Manager in Windows

Task Manager has become one of the tools used by almost all Windows users to do some level of administrative task. some of the common usage of task manager are to end a process, view the resource usage of the computer, check the performance of the computer etc.

I have seen many users, opening task manager by holding down Ctrl+Alt+Delete and then selecting Task Manager from the screen. Although this is one way of accessing task manager but it involves an additional step.

Another way of accessing Task Manager is through right clicking on the task bar and selecting task manager.


The most easiest way for me to is by holding down Ctrl+Shift+Esc which opens Task Manager instantly.

Windows Anti Virus

Windows has had the windows defender malware protection for sometime now. With the release of Windows 7, defender was known as a anti spyware protection tool and users were required to either install Microsoft security essentials or any other compatible third party anti virus application to protect your computer against virus attacks.

With the release of Windows 8, both Windows defender and security essentials were merged and released as a single solution against malware.

When you open the Windows defender on your Windows 10 for the first time it prompts you with the option of turning on against virus protection. Click turn on and click close.


Once its turned on, Windows defender would be ready to protect against spyware and viruses.


Furthermore, by visiting Settings ==> Update and security, additional configurations could be seen along with the details that defender is powered by real time cloud based protection.


Hiberfil.sys file in Windows

If you are reading this article then most probably your computer has ran out of available hard drive space in the system drive and you have tried cleaning up the drive and suddenly come a hidden file named hiberfil.sys which is huge in size and wondering if it can be deleted.


The Hiberfil.sys file is a hidden system file located in the drive where Windows is installed. Windows creates this file when the Hibernation power feature is enabled. the size of this file is approximately equal to total RAM is installed on the computer. The more the RAM the bigger the file size will be.

When the Hibernation feature is enabled in Windows and when the computer is hibernated, Windows store all the files, programs, etc. which are open to this file. In other words Windows stores a copy of the RAM to the hard disk using this file.

This file is generated only when Hibernation is enabled and when hibernation is disabled the file will be deleted and you can recover some valuable disk space.

To disable hibernation

  • Open Command prompt (in admin mode)
  • Type powercfg –h off



Disabling Automatic Restart on System Failure in Windows

As a safety feature and as a precaution Windows always restarts immediately when it encounters a serious/critical error (such as a blue screen stop error). This immediate restart prevents us to read/note the necessary error codes or the detailed error message that prompts on the screen to further troubleshoot to avoid similar errors in the future.

By following the below steps, one can disable the Automatic Restart to gain more time to read and note down the error messages and error codes.

  • Right click My Computer and select properties


  • Click on Advanced System Settings


  • Click on settings under Startup & Recovery


  • Uncheck Automatic Restart and click Ok


The next time you receive a stop error you will have enough time to note down the error codes and the error messages which will help you to trouble shoot further

Reset your forgotten Windows password

What do you do when you forget your admin or user account password in Windows (non domain joined, workgroup based Windows computers). It’s easy to reset your password without logging in to Windows.

In the following post we will see on how to reset your user account password in Windows without logging into Windows.

Windows 7 logging error


One of the ways we can reset the password without logging into Windows is using the Net User cmdlet. The question here is how do we use Command Prompt if we can’t logging to Windows?

See the Ease of Access icon on the logging screen?


When you click the Ease of Access button, you get the below options by default.


Now our target is to overwrite the Ease of Access executable file with command prompt executable file.

Boot computer with a Windows 7 media or USB and click next


Select Repair Your Computer Option


Click on the Operating System and Click Next (please note the Drive letter where the OS is installed, in this case its D:\)


Select and click on the Command Prompt


Type the following command in the command prompt window

Copy D:\Windows\System32\utilman.exe D:\

This command will backup/copy the utilman.exe program (ease of access)


Now type the following command

Copy D:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe D:\Windows\System32\utilman.exe

Press enter and it will give you an overwrite message, type Y and enter

This command will replace the utilman.exe with cmd.exe


Exit Command prompt and restart the computer


Now when you click the Ease of Access button on the Windows logging screen the command prompt will start instead of the previous Window


Type the following command to list all the local user accounts in the Computer

Net User


Type the following command to reset the password for a particular user name

Net User username password

(username and password to be replaced with actual details. For this case I am resetting the passwords for user account Akfash with the password of password)


Close command prompt and type in the new password


Successfully logged into Windows


Windows Compatibility Center

We have less than 15 days until Windows XP reaches its end of support. Organizations and individuals who are currently on Windows XP either should have migrated to a modern Operating system such as Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 8.1 or should be in the midst of the migration process by now (at least should have thought about it Smile). Either way one of the main concerns one will have when they think of moving away from Windows XP which has served mankind for a marvelous 12 years is COMPATIBILITY.

Windows Compatibility Center which can be accessed through is a portal where one can check the hardware, software, drivers which they use are compatible with any of the modern operating system Microsoft has released.

This can be used in the initial planning stage of the migration project and will be very useful.   

PowerShell “cannot be loaded because the execution of scripts is disabled on this system” error

Recently after a Windows Server 2008R2 implementation I had to use the new Microsoft Command Shell  the so called “Windows PowerShell” to run a script. After installing the server I opened up notepad and wrote a simple script and as you’ll know I had to save the file with a PS1 extension so that PowerShell can execute the script. and I did save the file with the PS1 extension.

As soon as Opened PowerShell and typed the path to the PS1 file and press enter, I got an error as shown below


Which says “File <filepath> cannot be loaded because the execution of scripts is disabled on this system. Please see "get- help about_signing" for more details.”

If you get this error, don’t panicSmile by default PowerShell is designed like this for security reasons, The Execution Policy which is in Windows PowerShell is set to Restricted which means none of the scripts will run (even if you write with your user credentials).

In Windows PowerShell type Get-ExecutionPolicy to verify


In order to be able to run scripts using Windows PowerShell type Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned


This would enable to run script using PowerShell on your computer

Fatal Error C000003A Applying Update–While installing Service Pack 1 for Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7

Recently I was installing Windows Server 2008 R2 on my server and while installing the service pack 1, I came across an issue. The server downloads the service pack and starts the installation and restarts, once it restarts it goes to a black screen mode where it displays on applying update, after a while the server comes to a halt and freezes. Restarting the server also does not help.

After some research I found the solution by following KB 975484